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Pachacámac should not be the seat of the MUNA

The Ministry of Culture has just inaugurated a spectacular site museum in Pachacámac, but on the eve was announced the construction of the MUNA also in Pachacámac

We Peruvians needed a museum according to the dimension of our ancient history. Obviously, we will all always agree in a museum of the highest architectural and museographic quality that constitutes the synthesis of our national identity; however, in the face of the recent announcement, I must express my reservations about the location and modestly suggest a timely rethinking.

Why not Pachacámac?

In no country is a National Museum located outside the city centre of the capital. If the MUNA aims to become the reference point of our past, a mass museum for all citizens and only finally a tourist attraction, the location is inadequate. We can think that any inhabitant, family or students will have to make a trip of one to two hours on a highly traveled route to reach this destination no matter how magnificent. At the same time you have to add the cost in fuel or tickets. I doubt that tourists should also spend travel hours for this very purpose. The location of the MUNA is the central theme of success or failure for its main objectives. Pachacámac is a sanctuary that has its own meaning and Appeal, where a magnificent museum of site has just been inaugurated. Adding a megamuseum to this set implies unnecessary saturation and visual alteration.

Does the vicinity of the sea affect the pieces on display?

Humidity and salinity are lethal for the preservation of every cultural asset, from textiles to metals and ceramics. The opinion of a technical check may be valid, but at what cost? If you think of the deposits of thousands of archaeological pieces, the problem is even greater.

Other locations have been raised ,do you have any suggestions?

We should go back to the original project of a few decades ago on the grounds of the Parque de las Leyendas, I think it is still the most suitable for its magnificent and central location, near the universities and the main fast access roads, without ruling out its proximity to the airport and a potential public of thousands of people who come to the park; however, it could also be considered another location that meets similar conditions.

According to your vast experience, what details are remarkable in the construction of the new MUNA?

The decision to invest seriously in a project of national importance and the general concept of its volume as a work.

What recommendations would you give based on the experience of the Royal Tombs Museum in Sipan?

I hope that there will be a museographic script or, at least, a first proposal that should have been put forward since the beginning of the project to establish the necessary spaces and their characteristics, as the common logic says “We must start at the beginning”.

Is the new MUNA what our country expected? Do you have any suggestions?

The essential thing is to seriously rethink its location and improve its visible architecture so that it also becomes a reference of the National Architecture, in a museum with personality. In both cases I would suggest the consensus opinion of experienced national specialists we have. As the ministry says, We are dealing with an emblematic work of Peru that has demanded a long gestation and compromises a considerable budget, so it must be carefully planned, I think we are on time.

And what about the Museum of Free People?

The National Museum of anthropology, archaeology and history in Pueblo Libre should become a major Center for conservation and archaeological research under the name Julio C. Tello. All the deposits needed to ensure the preservation of our cultural property should be built here.

The data

In tender. In January, the minister of Culture, Diana Álvarez-Calderón, revealed that 387 million soles will be invested in the construction of the MUNA, whose bidding process has already begun and “must be completed within 70 days,” that is, next April. After a good pro, it is estimated that the work will take two and a half years.

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